Legal Alert EORI Register
REGULATION NO. H-4 OF 03.06.2009 ON THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE NATIONAL REGISTRATION AND IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
(EORI-BG REGISTER) CREATING AND FUNCTIONING FOR CUSTOMS PURPOSES (IN FORCE AS OF 01.07.2009)
In State Gazette No.45/16.06.2009 was promulgated Regulation No. H-4 of 03.06.2009 on the terms and conditions of the National registration and identification system (EORI Register) creating and functioning for customs purposes.
Some of the most important provisions set forth in the Regulation are summarized below.
I. PURPOSE OF THE SYSTEM
With a view to enhancing the effectiveness of customs security, an unique identification number for each economic operator within the EU, the so-called ‘Economic Operators Registration and Identification’ (EORI) number, has been introduced. The EORI number is unique for each person within the EU and is valid in all member states. The use of the unique identification number in all communication of the economic operators with customs and other state bodies and agencies, enables EU authorities to recognise and identify economic operators and their activities throughout the EU.
The use of EORI number has been obligatory since 1 July 2009.
1. Persons Subject to Registration
Each economic operator is obliged to obtain an EORI number. An economic operator is a person who is involved within the framework of his economic activities in activities encompassed by the customs legislation (importation, export or movement of goods). That person could be an individual, a legal entity or any association of persons with acknowledged legal capacity to perform legal activities under the EU or the national legislation.
Subject to registration are the economic operators established in the customs territory of EU, as well as the ones not established in the EU territory but performing activities under the EU customs legislation. Such economic operators should be registered in the member state of their first business activity. A request for obtaining an EORI number shall be submitted before the individual starts any activities under the customs legislation.